Call it a darker side of development. Haryana, which has scripted a success story of economic progress and given the country its newest female role models in sports in recent years, continues to have a highly skewed sex ratio, the worst among the states.
At 877 females per 1,000 males (it was 861 in 2001), Haryana has the second lowest sex ratio among the states.
Delhi has recorded the lowest sex ratio, 866, according to the early results of the 2011 national census released by the registrar general and census commissioner C Chandramauli on Thursday.
In the 0-6 years age group, Haryana has reported the worst sex ratio of 830 girls per 1,000 boys, followed by Punjab with 846.
Haryana’s Jhajjar and Mahendergarh districts have the lowest sex ratio – 774 and 778, respectively.
However, there is something to cheer about.
The state, where the people show a marked preference for sons and killing of unborn girls continues unabated, is showing an increasing trend in child sex ratio. In 2001, the child sex ratio was 819 girls per 1,000 boys in the state. While the child sex ratio has declined in the country – to touch the lowest levels since Independence – Haryana is among the seven states and union territories recording an improvement in the last decade.
In the remaining 27 states and UTs, the child sex ratio has shown a decline over the 2001 census. According to provisional population figures, the population of the state has recorded a 19.9% increase between 2001 and 2011 from 2.11 crore to 2.53 crore. In comparison, the percentage growth was 28.4% in the state in 1991-2001.
The proportion of child population in age group 0-6 years to total population is 13% as compared 15.8% in the 2001 census. The effective literacy rate in the state has also gone up to 76.6% from 67.9% in the 2001 census, with women notching a higher percentage growth.